Member of the Presidential Council of the Russian Federation, 1993 – 2000.
Senior Advisor to the Committee on Foreign Relations, Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992 – 1993.
Chief Advisor to the Committee on CIS Problems in the Russian Parliament (Duma), 1994– 1995.
Professor, Political Science, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, from 1991.
Visiting Fellow, Harriman Institute, Columbia University, 1990.
Visiting Fellow, Berkeley-Stanford Program on Soviet Studies, 1990.
Visiting Fellow, San Diego State University, 1990.
Director, Center on Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), since 1992.
Vice-president of "Reforma" Foundation, 1994 – 2003.
First Vice-President “Soglasiye” Foundation, since 2004.
Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, 2005-2008
Director, Institute for Democracy and Cooperation, New York, since 2008.
Ph. D (1978) Institute of International Labor Movement, Soviet Academy of Sciences, Moscow.
MA (1972), Moscow State Institute of International Relations.
"Democracy in Russian morror" (2013) Moscow: MGIMO-University.
“Russia. From Chaos to Order?” (2001) Moscow: Public Science Foundation. Translated and published in China, 2003.
“Russia in Search of Identity” (1997) Moscow: International Relations. Translated and published in China. 2001.
“Democracy and Morality” (1989) Moscow: Knowledge.
Book Chapters (over 10 including): "The Breaking Mechanisms in Political Systems and the Ways to Overcome Them" in the book of Yuri Afanasiev “No Other Way Out” (ed., 1988), Moscow, Progress Publishing (originally published in Russian, translated in Chinese, Japanese and German); "The End of Perestroyka's Euphoric Stage" in the book of Shugo Minagawa “The Thorny Path of Perestroyka”(ed., 1992), Sapporo, Japan, University of Hokkaido Press.
Newspapers and Journals (over 500 publications that have appeared in periodicals including The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, El Pais, Asahi Shimbun, and others) in the following languages: English, Russian, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish.